Jun 20, 2019
SFEI partnered with the Santa Clara Valley Open Space Authority to create a guide for how to support biodiversity across the urbanized landscape of Santa Clara Valley. Urban greening projects, such as street trees, green infrastructure, and backyard gardening, are already occurring piecemeal across urban areas. Harnessing this momentum can help these efforts build greater benefits for biodiversity. Ultimately, building greater support for biodiversity can help cultivate a sense of place and provide benefits to nature as well as human health.
Integrating urban biodiversity science, landscape history, and analysis of local setting, the Urban Ecological Planning Guide provides a set of tools to design for local ecology. This project builds on SFEI’s work in the region, including historical ecology of the Santa Clara Valley, Re-oaking Silicon Valley, and the Landscape Resilience Framework. Intended for a broad audience, this report can help public agencies, nonprofits, city planners, and others to design projects with ecology in mind.
In this report, we explore landscape context and historical ecology to understand landscape patterns, processes and potential. We outline approaches for coordinating projects to support biodiversity across the landscape, and pathways to implementation across land uses and stakeholders--at the site scale and programmatic level. We identify how to use historical and contemporary information to select habitat goals, provide locally-relevant plant lists, and highlight other factors that may impact plant selection and sourcing, such as climate change and plant pathogens. Last, we discuss practical, planning, and policy drivers that may affect on-the-ground implementation and provide a list of supporting resources.
This report can provide guidance for how to coordinate multiple stakeholders to create urban greening projects that work together to build support for biodiversity. Users of this report may include a wide range of entities, such as local nonprofits, public agencies, city planners, and applicants to the Open Space Authority’s Urban Open Space Grant Program. The information provided is most pertinent to Santa Clara County, but the broad approach and guidance could be useful in other geographies.
For more information, contact Erica Spotswood ([email protected]).
Programs and Focus Areas:
Resilient Landscapes Program
Related Projects, News, and Events:
Resilient Silicon Valley (Project)
Drawing on resilience science, regional data, and local expertise, we will develop the vision and tools that will allow stakeholders in the region ensure that local actions contribute toward the creation of a high-functioning and resilient Silicon Valley ecosystem.
Photo by Shira Bezalel
“Re-Oaking” is an approach to reintegrating oaks and other native trees within the developed California landscape to provide a range of ecosystem services. The concept has emerged from SFEI's research into the distribution and characteristics of California's former valley oak savannas -- a distinctive, widespread habitat that was mostly lost a century ago. Now valley oaks and other native trees are being recognized for the benefits they did -- and could again – provide, as communities design the ecologically healthy and resilient landscapes of the future.
Urban Ecological Planning Guide for Santa Clara Valley (Project)
SFEI partnered with Santa Clara Valley Open Space Authority to create a guide on how to support biodiversity across the urbanized Santa Clara Valley. Urban greening projects (e.g., street trees, bioswales, gardens) are developing in piecemeal fashion. Designing and linking projects with ecology in mind can better support biodiversity, which in turn can help cultivate a sense of place and human health benefits.
SFEI's new Landscape Resilience Framework outlines attributes of ecological resilience (News)
SFEI's Resilient Landscapes Program has developed a Landscape Resilience Framework, with the goal of facilitating the integration of resilience science into environmental management, urban design, conservation planning, and ecological restoration. The framework proposes seven key landscape attributes that contribute to ecological resilience, providing details and examples on each.
Santa Clara Valley historical ecology GIS (Project)
This dataset represents a reconstruction of the historical landscape patterns, including channel and habitat distribution, of the Santa Clara Valley and adjacent baylands