There is an urgent need for estimates of stormwater loads by watershed and by region. The recently adopted Municipal Regional Permit (MRP) specifically requires generations of additional information on the loads of sediment and contaminants. In addition, the Mercury and PCB TMDLs require reductions in watershed loads by 50 and 90 percent, respectively. Understanding the loads from representative watersheds is critical for addressing these information needs and achieving these load reductions.
In 2010, the RMP conducted an evaluation of approximately 30 watersheds and identified 16 high priority watersheds (figure 1) to be monitored in 2011. These 16 watersheds were identified based on a screening evaluation of the land use (e.g., agricultural, urban, residential, etc.), size of watershed, percent imperviousness of the surface, population density, presence of likely sources such as railroads and transformers, and rainfall. In addition, a reconnaissance to each of the potential sites was made to evaluate logistical considerations such as site access and safety.
Applicable RMP Management Questions
This study addresses the following RMP management question:
- What are sources, pathways, loadings, and processes leading to contaminant-related impacts to the Estuary?
It also assists in answering the following management questions from the Small Tributary Loading Strategy and the Municipal Regional Permit:
- Impairment: Which are the “high-leverage” small tributaries that contribute or potentially contribute most to Bay impairment by pollutants of concern?
- Loads: What are the loads or concentrations of pollutants of concern from small tributaries to the Bay?
- Trends: How are loads or concentrations of pollutants of concern from small tributaries changing on a decadal scale?
Sampling occured at the 17 watersheds that were identified as high priority. These sites include: four sites in Alameda County (Glen Echo Creek, Zone 5 Line M, Ettie Street Pump Station, and San Leandro Creek below Lake Chabot); four sites in Contra Costa (San Lorenzo Creek , Santa Fe Channel, Lower Marsh Creek, and Walnut Creek); four sites in San Mateo County (Pulgas Creek, Borel Creek, and Belmont Creek); and five sites in Santa Clara County (Lower Penitencia Creek, Sunnyvale East Channel, Calabazas Creek, Stevens Creek, and San Tomas Creek). Each site was monitored for one storm event, where between four and seven samples were collected. The samples were analyzed for total mercury, suspended sediment, PCBs and TOC at all sites, as well as PBDEs, PAHs, and Se (dissolved and total) at all of the Contra Costa sites and PBDEs and PAHs at Ettie Street Pump Station and Zone 5 Line M. The samples were sent to AXYS Analytical for organics analyses and Moss Landing Marine Labs for metals and SSC. Columbia Analytical Services performed the TOC analysis. Turbidity, stage and velocity (where possible) was recorded along with sample collection.
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The project will be led by Lester McKee, with field work, project management, and reporting by Alicia Gilbreath,
Jen Hunt, Rachel Allen, David Gluchowski, Ben Greenfield, Don Yee, Chuck Striplen, and Erika Houtz (UC-Berkeley).