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Place Invaders. Energy and Resources News 4, 1-3.1995.
Place Invaders. Pacific Discovery (Calif. Acad. Sci.) 46, 22-26.1993.
Polar aromatic biomarkers in the miocene Maritza-East Lignite, Bulgaria. Organic Geo-chemistry . SFEI Contribution No. 476.2002.
Pollutant Monitoring in the North Richmond Pump Station: A Pilot Study for Potential Dry Flow and Seasonal First Flush Diversion for Wastewater Treatment. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA.2012.
Pollutants of Concern (POC) Loads Monitoring Data Progress Report: Water Years (WYs) 2012 and 2013. SFEI Contribution No. 708. SFEI: Richmond, CA. pp 1-84.2014.
Pollutants of Concern (POC) Loads Monitoring Data, Water Year (WY) 2011. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA.2012.
Pollutants of concern (POC) loads monitoring progress report, water years (WYs) 2012, 2013, and 2014. SFEI Contribution No. 741.2016.
Pollutants of concern (POC) reconnaissance monitoring final progress report, water year (WY) 2015. SFEI Contribution No. 787.2016.
Pollutants of concern reconnaissance monitoring final progress report, water years 2015 and 2016. SFEI Contribution No. 817.2017.
Pollutants of Concern Reconnaissance Monitoring Progress Report, Water Years 2015-2018. SFEI Contribution No. 942. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA.2019.
Pollutants of Concern Reconnaissance Monitoring Water Years 2015, 2016, and 2017. SFEI Contribution No. 840. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA.2018.
Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in wastewater: Significance of unknown precursors, manufacturing shifts, and likely AFFF impacts. Water Research . SFEI Contribution No. 780.2016.
In late 2014, wastewater effluent samples were collected from eight treatment plants that discharge to San Francisco (SF) Bay in order to assess poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) currently released from municipal and industrial sources. In addition to direct measurement of twenty specific PFAS analytes, the total concentration of perfluoroalkyl acid (PFAA) precursors was also indirectly measured by adapting a previously developed oxidation assay. Effluent from six municipal treatment plants contained similar amounts of total PFASs, with highest median concentrations of PFHxA (24 ng/L), followed by PFOA (23 ng/L), PFBA (19 ng/L), and PFOS (15 ng/L). Compared to SF Bay municipal wastewater samples collected in 2009, the short chain perfluorinated carboxylates PFBA and PFHxA rose significantly in concentration. Effluent samples from two treatment plants contained much higher levels of PFASs: over two samplings, wastewater from one municipal plant contained an average of 420 ng/L PFOS and wastewater from an airport industrial treatment plant contained 560 ng/L PFOS, 390 ng/L 6:2 FtS, 570 ng/L PFPeA, and 500 ng/L PFHxA. The elevated levels observed in effluent samples from these two plants are likely related to aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) sources impacting their influent; PFASs attributable to both current use and discontinued AFFF formulations were observed. Indirectly measured PFAA precursor compounds accounted for 33%–63% of the total molar concentration of PFASs across all effluent samples and the PFAA precursors indicated by the oxidation assay were predominately short-chained. PFAS levels in SF Bay effluent samples reflect the manufacturing shifts towards shorter chained PFASs while also demonstrating significant impacts from localized usage of AFFF.
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in San Francisco Bay: A Summary of Occurrence and Trends. SFEI Contribution No. 713. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA. p 62.2014.
Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Northern San Francisco Estuary Refinery Effluents. SFEI Contribution No. 510.2002.
Polychlorinated biphenyls in the exterior caulk of San Francisco Bay Area buildings, California, USA. Environment International 66, 38-43.2014.
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in San Francisco Bay. Environmental Research 105, 67-86 . SFEI Contribution No. 526.2007.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in San Francisco Bay: A 10-year retrospective of monitoring in an urbanized estuary. Environmental Research 105, 101-118 . SFEI Contribution No. 492.2006.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in bivalves from the San Francisco estuary: Spatial distributions, temporal trends, and sources (1993–2001). Marine Environmental Research 60, 466-488 . SFEI Contribution No. 501.2005.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in San Francisco Estuary sediments. Marine Chemistry 86, 169-184 . SFEI Contribution No. 82.2004.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the San Francisco Estuary water column: Sources, spatial distributions, and temporal trends (1993-2001). Chemosphere 909-920 . SFEI Contribution No. 311.2004.
Porewater gradients and diffusive benthic fluxes of Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Cd in San Francisco Bay. Croatica Chemica Acta 70, 389-417 . SFEI Contribution No. 215.1997.
Pore-water silver concentration gradients and benthic fluxes from contaminated sediments of San Francisco Bay, California, U.S.A. Marine Chemistry 56, 15-26 . SFEI Contribution No. 216.1997.
Potential biological indicators of contaminant effects for use in monitoring the San Francisco Estuary. SFEI Contribution No. 43. San Francisco Estuary Institute.2001.
The potential distribution and abundance of the zebra mussel in California. Eighth International Zebra Mussel and Aquatic Nuisance Species Conference, 65.1998.
The potential distribution and abundance of zebra mussels in California. Dreissena! (New York Sea Grant) 9, 1-3 . SFEI Contribution No. 323.1998.
The Potential Distribution and Abundance of Zebra Mussels in California. SFEI Contribution No. 225. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA.1998.
The Potential Distribution of Chinese Mitten Crabs (Eriocheir sinensis) in selected waters of the Western United States with U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Facilities. SFEI Contribution No. 353. United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Mid-Pacific Region and the Technical Service Center. Vol. 21.2001.
Potential for increased mercury accumulation in the Estuary food web: Issues in San Francisco Estuary Tidal Wetlands Restoration. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science 1 . SFEI Contribution No. 288.2003.
Potential Introduction of Nonindigenous Species to Prince William Sound, Alaska Via Discharge of Tanker Ballast Water. A report for B. P. Exploration (Alaska) Inc.: Anchorage, AK.1996.
Power Analysis and Optimization of the RMP Status and Trends Program. SFEI Contribution No. 555.2008.
Practical Guidebook to the Control of Invasive Aquatic and Wetland Plants of the San Francisco Bay - Delta Region. SFEI Contribution No. 127. San Francisco Estuary Institute.2003.
A practical guide for the development of a wetland rapid assessment method: the California experience. J. of the American Water Resources Association . SFEI Contribution No. 448.2005.
Predicting mercury levels in fish: use of water chemistry, trophic ecology, and spatial traits. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58, 1419 -1429 . SFEI Contribution No. 306.2000.
Predicting mercury levels in fish: use of water chemistry, trophic ecology, and spatial traits (M.S. Thesis), University of Wisconsin: Madison.2000.
Predictors of Mercury Spatial Patterns in San Francisco Bay Forage Fish. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 32 (12), 2728-2737.2013.
Preliminary Simulations of Sediment Dynamics in the South San Francisco Bay. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland, CA.2011.
Presence of marine invasive species along the coast of Massachusetts. SFEI Contribution No. 509.2002.
Preventing the introduction of non-native species with imported oyster shell used for cultch in restoration projects: an inspection, and consideration of future protocols. Proceedings of the 2006 West Coast Native Oyster Restoration Workshop.2007.
Prevention vs. control of biological invasions. First National Conference on Marine Bioinvasions.1999.
Primary Production in the Delta: Then and Now. San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science 14 (3).2016.
To evaluate the role of restoration in the recovery of the Delta ecosystem, we need to have clear targets and performance measures that directly assess ecosystem function. Primary production is a crucial ecosystem process, which directly limits the quality and quantity of food available for secondary consumers such as invertebrates and fish. The Delta has a low rate of primary production, but it is unclear whether this was always the case. Recent analyses from the Historical Ecology Team and Delta Landscapes Project provide quantitative comparisons of the areal extent of 14 habitat types in the modern Delta versus the historical Delta (pre-1850). Here we describe an approach for using these metrics of land use change to: (1) produce the first quantitative estimates of how Delta primary production and the relative contributions from five different producer groups have been altered by large-scale drainage and conversion to agriculture; (2) convert these production estimates into a common currency so the contributions of each producer group reflect their food quality and efficiency of transfer to consumers; and (3) use simple models to discover how tidal exchange between marshes and open water influences primary production and its consumption. Application of this approach could inform Delta management in two ways. First, it would provide a quantitative estimate of how large-scale conversion to agriculture has altered the Delta's capacity to produce food for native biota. Second, it would provide restoration practitioners with a new approach—based on ecosystem function—to evaluate the success of restoration projects and gauge the trajectory of ecological recovery in the Delta region.
Priority pollutant loads from effluent discharges to the San Francisco Estuary. Water Environment Research 64, 134-140 . SFEI Contribution No. 171.1992.
Procedures for the Collection and Storage of Environmental Samples in the RMP Specimen Bank. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland, CA.2010.
Project Report: 2004 Rapid Assessment Survey for Exotic Species in San Francisco Bay. SFEI Contribution No. 451. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland, Ca.2005.
Project Report for the Southern California Exotics Expedition 2000: A Rapid Assessment Survey of Exotic Species in Sheltered Coastal Waters. Appendix C in:. . California Department of Fish and Game, Office of Oil Spill Prevention and Response, Sacramento CA.2001.
Project Report for the Southern California Exotics Expedition 2000 A Rapid Assessment Survey of Exotic Species in Sheltered Coastal Waters. SFEI Contribution No. 384. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland.2002.
A Proposed Lentic Benthic Bioassessment Procedure for California (Protocol Brief for Biological Sampling in Lakes, Reservoirs, and Ponds). SFEI Contribution No. 315. San Francisco Estuary Institute.2004.
Protocol for Accessing and Sampling Archived Sediments from the San Francisco Estuary RMP for Trace Substances. SFEI Contribution No. 119. San Francisco Estuary Institute.. 2000.
The Pulse of the Bay 2019: Pollutant Pathways. SFEI Contribution No. 954. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA.. 2019.
The Pulse of the Bay: The 25th Anniversary of the RMP. SFEI Contribution No. 841. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Richmond, CA.. 2017.
The Pulse of the Delta: Linking Science & Management through Regional Monitoring. Aquatic Science Center: Richmond, CA.. 2012.
The Pulse of the Delta: Monitoring and Managing Water Quality in the Sacramento - San Joaquin Delta. Aquatic Science Center: Oakland, CA.. 2011.
The Pulse of the Estuary: Tracking Contamination with the Regional Monitoring Program 1993-1998. SFEI Contribution No. 100. San Francisco Estuary Institute.2000.
Pyrethroid Insecticides: An Analysis of Use Patterns, Distributions, Potential Toxicity and Fate in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta and Central Valley. SFEI Contribution No. 415. San Francisco Estuary Institute.2005.
Pyrethroids, Pyrethrins, and Piperonyl Butoxide in Sediments by High Resolution Gas Chromatography/High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography 7 . SFEI Contribution No. 439.2006.
QAPP for environmental monitoring and assessment program West Coast Pilot 2002 Intertidal Assessment: California Intensification. SFEI Contribution No. 234. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland, CA.2001.
Quality Assurance in Environmental Analysis Applied to the San Francisco Estuary. SFEI Contribution No. 168. San Francisco Estuary Project: Oakland, CA.1991.
Quality Assurance Project Plan: Investigations of Sources and Effects of Pyrethroid Pesticides in Watersheds of the San Francisco Bay Estuary. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland.2007.
Quantification of Hydroxylated Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (OH-BDEs), Triclosan, and Related Compounds in Freshwater and Coastal Systems. PLOS ONE . SFEI Contribution No. 765.2015.
Hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-BDEs) are a new class of contaminants of emerging concern, but the relative roles of natural and anthropogenic sources remain uncertain. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are used as brominated flame retardants, and they are a potential source of OH-BDEs via oxidative transformations. OH-BDEs are also natural products in marine systems. In this study, OH-BDEs were measured in water and sediment of freshwater and coastal systems along with the anthropogenic wastewater-marker compound triclosan and its photoproduct dioxin, 2,8-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. The 6-OH-BDE 47 congener and its brominated dioxin (1,3,7-tribromodibenzo-p-dioxin) photoproduct were the only OH-BDE and brominated dioxin detected in surface sediments from San Francisco Bay, the anthropogenically impacted coastal site, where levels increased along a north-south gradient. Triclosan, 6-OH-BDE 47, 6-OH-BDE 90, 6-OH-BDE 99, and (only once) 6’-OH-BDE 100 were detected in two sediment cores from San Francisco Bay. The occurrence of 6-OH-BDE 47 and 1,3,7-tribromodibenzo-p-dioxin sediments in Point Reyes National Seashore, a marine system with limited anthropogenic impact, was generally lower than in San Francisco Bay surface sediments. OH-BDEs were not detected in freshwater lakes. The spatial and temporal trends of triclosan, 2,8-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, OH-BDEs, and brominated dioxins observed in this study suggest that the dominant source of OH-BDEs in these systems is likely natural production, but their occurrence may be enhanced in San Francisco Bay by anthropogenic activities.
Quantitative Determination of Pyrethroids, Pyrethrins, and Piperonyl Butoxide in Surface Water by High Resolution Gas Chromatography/High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry . SFEI Contribution No. 441.2006.
The Quarternary geography and biogeography of tidal saltmarshes. Bioscience 56, 675-685.2007.
Rapid Assessment Channel Survey for Exotic Species in San Francisco Bay - November 2005. SFEI Contribution No. 454. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland, CA. p 7.2005.
Rapid Assessment Shore Survey for Exotic Species in San Francisco Bay - May 2004. SFEI Contribution No. 453. San Francisco Estuary Institute: Oakland, CA. p 32.2005.
Rapid Assessment Survey for Exotic Organisms in Southern California Bays and Harbors, and Abundance in Port and Non-port Areas. Biological Invasions Volume 7, 995 - 1002 . SFEI Contribution No. 423.2005.
A Rapid Assessment Survey of Exotic Species in Sheltered Coastal Waters. SFEI Contribution No. 508.2002.
Rapid Assessment Survey of nonindigenous species in coastal Massachusetts. In: Abstracts, Second International Conf. on Marine Bioinvasions, April 9-11, 2001, New Orleans LA..2001.
A Rapid Assessment Survey of Nonindigenous Species in the Shallow Waters of Puget Sound. SFEI Contribution No. 223.1998.
Rapid Assessment Survey of the presence of marine invasive species along the coast of Massachusetts (abstract). New England Estuarine Research Society Abstracts, Spring Meeting, May 31-June 3, 2001.2001.
Recalculating the Tule Factor. A report for The Bay Institute of San Francisco: Sausalito, CA.1988.